Great Britain

   As the leading Western power until well into the 20th century, Britain long played an important role in the affairs of the Ottoman Empire and thus had occasion to influence Kurdish affairs. The Sykes-Picot Agreement between Britain and France divided up the Middle East after World War I. Britain artificially created and then ruled Iraq as a mandate of the League of Nations until 1932 and indeed continued to hold great influence in Iraq until the monarchy was overthrown in 1958.
   During the 1920s and 1930s, Britain used its air force and other assets to put down several Kurdish revolts led by Sheikh Mahmud Barzinji and later by the Barzanis. After the Gulf War in 1991, Britain soon became the only ally of the United States enforcing the no-fly zone that protected the de facto Kurdish state from intervention at the hands of Saddam Hussein. Britain also associated itself with the U.S. attempts to implement numerous peace plans involving the Iraqi Kurds and their internal fighting during the 1990s. It was also the only major state that supported the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003 that overthrew Saddam Hussein.
   It is estimated that 20,000 to 30,000 Kurds presently live in Britain, two-thirds of whom are from Turkey. The majority is under 40 years of age and has families of five or more members with few job qualifications. In recent years there has been considerable controversy in Britain over Kurdish asylum seekers. Exeter University and the Kurdish Human Rights Project are located in Britain.
   See also Refugees.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Great Britain — p1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Great Britain — Britain, Great Britain, the British Isles, England, etc. 1. Use of these terms causes confusion. Great Britain refers to the largest island in the group, which is divided between England, Scotland, and Wales. Politically, it means these three… …   Modern English usage

  • Great Britain — comprises England, Scotland and Wales. Northern Ireland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man are NOT part of Great Britain. Related links British Isles discrimination United Kingdom …   Law dictionary

  • Great Britain — 1. principal island of the United Kingdom, including England, Scotland, & Wales, & administratively including adjacent islands except the Isle of Man & the Channel Islands 2. the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland …   English World dictionary

  • Great Britain — (spr. grēt britten), Großbritannien …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Great Britain —   [ greɪt brɪtn], englisch für Großbritannien …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Great Britain — noun uncount the island that consists of England, Scotland, and Wales …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Great Britain — c.1400, Grete Britaigne. As opposed to Brittany …   Etymology dictionary

  • Great Britain — This article is about the island. For the modern state, see United Kingdom. For the state that existed from 1707 to 1801, see Kingdom of Great Britain. For the ship, see SS Great Britain. For other uses, see Great Britain (disambiguation). Great… …   Wikipedia

  • Great Britain —    Along with Germany, France, and Spain, Great Britain was one of the leading Western European nations at the end of the 19th century and a major imperial power. However, although victorious in 1918, following the devastating effects of World… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Great Britain — noun 1. a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland; Great Britain is often used loosely to refer to the United Kingdom (Freq. 1) • Syn: ↑United Kingdom,… …   Useful english dictionary

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